Home » Hair transplant » How a hair trasplant is performed
When you begin to see a hair loss higher than normal, the best solution to recover all lost hair and get a hair growth in those areas where it had stopped doing it forever, is to undergo a hair graft intervention.
Although there are different methods, the one that offers the best results today is the one that is performed following the FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) technique.
This involves the removal of follicular units (small groups of one, two, three or four hairs, along with their glands, erector muscles and blood vessels) from a donor area, that is usually the back of the head, to re-graft them into the receiving area in which there is lack or absence of hair.
It should be noted that hair transplantation is performed in different phases that we will explain in more detail below:
It all starts with a chek-up of the patient, analyzing the donor and receiving areas. Once verified by an analysis that he is suitable for a transplant and the type of technique that best suits his needs, it will be explained to the patient how the whole process will be until he recovers his hair.
Since it is a non-invasive operation, it is enough to apply local anesthesia in the donor area to later start the process of extracting the follicles that will be transplanted.
Once the anesthesia has taken effect, the follicular units are removed. These will be extracted through a punch or extractor of maximum precision. After all the necessary follicles have been removed, they will be grouped by and kept in a low temperature solution so that they remain in perfect conditions until they are reimplanted.
When the extraction is over, it is time to make very small holes to graft the hair removed in the previous phase. After making minimal incisions in the bald area, we proceed to the phase of placing or grafting hair.
The follicles that were extracted are reimplanted, one by one, in the incisions made in the donor area. It is one of the most delicate phases, since the surgeon must take into account both the angle and the depth of the insertion trying to get a natural graft and with results for life.
The duration of this phase can be extended up to six hours or seven hours, depending on the number of follicles to be transplanted. For those patients who require a complete graft of their scalp, that lasts about eight-hour, the intervention will be divided into two parts each of four hours so that both the patient and the medical team can rest.
In the first hours after the operation, the patient may notice some inflammation in his scalp. Also scrabs begin to appear, that will fall in the following days. After three days, the protective bendage will be removed and he will be able to resume a normal life and returne to his work.
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