Depending on the nature and degree of hair loss, women may be candidates for capillary graft intervention.
In order to unify therapeutic, medical and surgical criteria, a scale has been established that defines the pattern of hair loss in women with androgenic alopecia. This scale is called Ludwig’s Scale.
There is uniform thinning over the entire scalp.
Generalized loss, avoiding in most cases the previous line of implantation, with significant thinning on the upper and lateral parts. The back of the scalp has a reasonably good quality and density of hair.
With this pattern there is evidence of severe hair loss in the upper part of the head, with a considerable area without hair in the midline of separation.
Female androgenic alopecia is caused by a hormonal imbalance that causes the hair follicles to become sensitive, producing less hair. This decrease in the production of healthy hair prevents the renewal that occurs when there is a natural hair loss. If the new hair growth slows down or even stops, over time, obvious signs of baldness will start showing in women.
Graphic representation of Ludwig’s scale
Treatments for hair loss in women
The causes of hair loss in women are much more complex than the classic “male pattern baldness”. Therefore, the correct diagnosis of the underlying cause is vital before intending to perform any type of hair loss treatments.
The first cure to solve female hair loss is usually medical treatment. In the initial stages, women can use Minoxidil in the form of a lotion (2% or 5%) to help preserve and thicken existing hair.
Drugs that have Finasteride and similar dihydrotestosterone blockers as an active ingredient should not be taken under any circumstances.
How to use Minoxidil for baldness in women
- It should be used twice a day. It has to be applied directly on the areas where there is hair loss.
- The effects appear around 4-5 months after the start of the treatment.
- In case of irritation with 5% Minoxidil (itching, redness in the treated area), stop using it. When the symptoms disappear, you can continue with the foam form or with the 2% lotion.
- If the treatment is effective do not interrupt before one year. Then use it at intervals of time always alternating with some rest stages
Hair graft in women
Hair transplantation can be a very valid option for many women who suffer from hair loss. Candidates for the procedure should have an area with enough hair on the back to use as a donor area.
Hair grafting is also the ideal treatment method for women:
- For partial or complete reconstruction.
- For the camouflage of scars on the scalp (scars from burns and others).
- For the treatment of thinning of the scalp.