One of the most frequently asked questions during consultations concerns the possibility of undergoing a hair transplant, when there are no hair follicles in the scalp. Many of these people believe that if they do not have hair they can no longer show a beautiful, thick hair like the one they had a while ago.
The first thing these people should know is that, unless they suffer from any disease that has completely destroyed all follicles that grow regularly in our head, including those present in the nape region and in the lateral areas near the ears, they can undergo a hair transplant intervention to show a full head of hair again.
However, it should be noted that it is important that people without hair at the crown of the head have sufficient and healthy follicles in the donor areas – the back and/or lateral area – to be transplanted in the upper part of the head. Otherwise, today, it is impossible to undergo them to a hair graft that guarantees quality results.
Types of alopecia
The most common type of alopecia is androgenetic alopecia. This affects 95% of people with baldness problems, both men and women, and usually appears after 30 years of age. The form in which it usually appears is, first of all, developing thinner and weaker hair follicles and, later, starting to show bald spots, usually in the crown of the head and the temples.
Another common type of alopecia is widespread alopecia. In that case hair is falling, little by little from every part of the head, until, often, becoming a generalized baldness. It is important to detect it as soon as possible because, as we stated before, when it is completed, it will be impossible to recover hair again, even through a hair graft.
Even more common is alopecia areata, which affects 2% of bald people. This usually appears from the age of 20 affecting entire areas, including the beard. It is believed that family history and stress are the causes of this skin disorder that can be resolved by a hair transplant.
There is also another form that is known as scarring alopecia. This appears as a result of some disease or trauma and causes the follicles to be destroyed with consequences of scarring. It is often recognized when a reddish scalp with scaly skin can be seen. We are talking again about a type of alopecia that can be resolved by a graft.
Finally, we mention fibrosing alopecia, which affects many women at the treshold of menopause. This begins gradually appearing in frontal and temporal regions leaving the forehead more and more thinned. It is important to detect it soon to stop it and, if it is too advanced, it can be surgically treated through any type of hair transplant.